Economy: The world’s first industrialized economy – now primarily a post-industrial service economy and highly dependent on financial and business services. The post-WWII decline through poor management, low investment, labor unrest and high levels od public ownership was reversed from the mid 1980s to the late 2000s. One of the hardest hit by the 2008-2009 economic crisis, but still the world’s fifth-largest economy. Unemployment was 2.5 million in 2010. Resistant to entry into Euro monetary system.
Religion: A Christian nation for centuries, religious freedom still exists, although nominalism, pluralism and hostility to over religiosity in the general public and the media increasingly threaten religious expression. The Church of England is recognized as the Established Church in England, and the Church of Scotland in Scotland. The Sovereign is recognized as the titular head of the Church of England. Disestablishment of the Church is increasingly advocated.