Population: 29,496,120

Economy: The mainstays of its economy are fishing, mining and increasingly, agriculture (especially coffee) and tourism. There is untapped potential for it’s economic growth but corruption, a flawed tax structure, military spending and vast economic inequalities hold Peru back. Over 50% of the population live in poverty with nearly 20% living in extreme poverty.

Religion: Religious freedom is guaranteed in the 1978 constitution, but the Catholic Church as the officially recognized state church receives some degree of preferential treatment. This status was used in the past to discriminate against non-Catholics in taxes, property, education and politics.